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Decision on equality irrespective of ethnicity in Bosnia and Herzegovina

15 August 2001

On June 11, 2001, Wolfgang Petritsch, the High Representative of the United Nations in Bosnia and Herzegovina announced, in the form of an interim decision, that all citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina are equal, irrespective of their ethnicity. The High Representative is the final authority regarding interpretation of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (the Dayton Accords) on the Civilian Implementation of the Peace Settlement, and as such, his decisions are legally binding throughout the entire territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The decision ensures the protection of the vital interests of, and freedom from discrimination for the constituent peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina- Bosniacs, Croats, Serbs and others, including Roma - on the territory of the whole country. The decision marks a change from the previous situation, whereby, according to the respective constitutions of Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbs were the constituent people in the territory of Republika Srpska and Bosnians and Croats in the Federation. The decision also calls for the restructuring of the Constitutional Commissions in both Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which have 16 members, all named by the High Representative. The Constitutional Commission of the federation currently includes a Romani member, Mr Mehmed Suljić, president of the non-governmental organisation Union of Roma in Bosnia and Herzegovina; the Republika Srpska Commission has no Romani representatives. The text of any new law, decision or regulation has to reach the Commission at least ten days before it is discussed before the Federation House of Representatives, or the National Assembly of Republika Srpska. If any member of the Commission feels that the proposed legislation is discriminatory, the Commission will be convened and asked to reach an agreement on the issue.

(ERRC, Office of the High Representative)

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ERRC submission to UN HRC on Hungary (February 2018)

14 February 2018

Written Comments of the European Roma Rights Centre concerning Hungary to the UN Human Rights Committee for consideration at its 122nd session (12 Narch - 6 April 2018).

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The Fragility of Professional Competence: A Preliminary Account of Child Protection Practice with Romani and Traveller Children in England

24 January 2018

Romani and Traveller children in England are much more likely to be taken into state care than the majority population, and the numbers are rising. Between 2009 and 2016 the number of Irish Travellers in care has risen by 400% and the number of Romani children has risen 933%. The increases are not consistent with national trends, and when compared to population data, suggest that Romani and Traveller children living in the UK could be 3 times more likely be taken into public care than any other child. 

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Families Divided: Romani and Egyptian Children in Albanian Institutions

21 November 2017

There’s a high percentage of Romani and Egyptian children in children’s homes in Albania – a disproportionate number. These children are often put into institutions because of poverty, and then find it impossible ever to return to their families. Because of centuries of discrimination Roma and Egyptians in Albania are less likely to live in adequate housing, less likely to be employed and more likely to feel the effects of extreme poverty.

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