EU Framework weak on discrimination against Roma
05 April 2011
Budapest, 5 April 2011: In response to today's presentation of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies, the European Roma Policy Coalition issued a joint statement reacting to the Framework. The ERRC is a member of the Coalition.
Reacting to the Framework, ERRC Executive Director Robert Kushen explained: “Although we welcome the European Commission's direction to tackle Roma exclusion by defining concrete targets and timelines to address persistent and illegal school segregation, rampant unemployment, substandard housing and discrimination in access to health care, the Commission was silent on one critical impediment to Roma inclusion: anti-Gypsyism, which manifests itself in intimidation, harassment and violence against Roma. Unless States take forceful action against anti-Gypsyism, Roma will continue to be second-class citizens in Europe.”
Related to these ongoing concerns, the ERRC has launched a public petition calling for the European Union to condemn ongoing anti-Roma violence and intimidation, which prevents Roma inclusion.
The European Roma Policy Coalition (ERPC) acknowledges the European Commisssion's political commitment to Roma inclusion expressed today by the adoption of its EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies. The Commission's request to all Member States to develop and implement dedicated long-term strategies to promote Roma integration in four key areas - access to education, healthcare, employment and housing and essential services - and to allocate sufficient targeted resources to achieve progress, is a significant step forward.
However, the Framework falls far short of fully tackling the challenges of Roma exclusion, which are intimately linked to widespread hostility and discrimination against the Roma people. The ERPC is deeply disappointed that while the Framework recognizes the need to fight discrimination against Roma and ensure their equal access to all fundamental rights, it fails to specify measures to combat discrimination, intimidation, anti-Gypsyism, hate speech or violence against Roma. In this respect, the Framework is far from fulfilling last month's recommendations of the European Parliament.
The ERPC is also concerned that despite the general failure of existing Roma inclusion policies to produce tangible results and many Member States' lack of experience with such policies, the Framework offers no clear guidance for developing or implementing more effective national strategies. The Framework is too unambitious in some areas and fails to establish explicit targets for Member States, nor does it oblige them to collect relevant disaggregated data to allow proper monitoring and evaluation. The Framework also fails to present a clear coordination mechanism, which is crucial to ensuring full and effective engagement of the European Commission, Member States and civil society. Experience with the EU Roma Platform strongly suggests a total overhaul is necessary if it is to become an effective EU-wide coordinating mechanism for Roma policy discussion and assessment.
The ERPC calls on all Member States and EU accession countries to develop or adapt their strategies in close adherence to the ten Common Basic Principles on Roma Inclusion, in close consultation with Roma and pro-Roma civil society. The ERPC urges Member States to exceed the minimum thematic areas outlined in the Framework and to include actions to tackle and prevent discrimination and anti-Roma sentiment. The ERPC calls on the Commission, which it assesses the national Roma integration strategies, to pay close attention to how Member States facilitate the active participation of Roma in all stages of policy development and implementation as a crucial success factor, and to oblige Member States to progress towards explicit targets based on common indicators.
Despite its strong reservations, the ERPC calls on the European Council to endorse the Framework as establishing minimum common standards for Roma inclusion, and to stress Member States' common responsibility for halting discriminatory practices and pursuing policies that guarantee equal opportunities to all citizens. The ERPC urges the Commission to fill the many gaps, as set out in the ERPC's "Essential Elements", notably regarding the establishment of a solid coordination and monitoring mechanism for the Framework and the process of assessing Member States' national strategies, as well as governance mechanisms to ensure proper implementation and in developing policy proposals for the 2014-20 funding period.
The European Roma Policy Coalition is an informal gathering of non-governmental organisations operating at the EU-level on issues of human rights, anti-discrimination, anti-racism, social exclusion and Roma and Traveller's rights. The member organisations are: Amnesty International (AI) (co-chair); European Network Against Racism (ENAR); European Roma Grassroots Organisation (ERGO) (chair); European Roma Information Office (ERIO); European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) (co-chair); Minority Rights Group International (MRGI); Open Society Foundations (OSF); Policy Center for Roma and Minorities; Roma Education Fund (REF) and Fundacion Secretariado Gitano (FSG).