Horizontal Rule

Trafficking in human beings

5 May 2011

Estimates provided during research by the ERRC and PiN about the perceived representation of Roma among trafficked persons in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia are several times higher than the proportion of Roma among the general population, indicating a disproportionate impact of this practice on Romani communities. Romani women and children were found to be particularly vulnerable to trafficking, which brings Roma to other countries and to other locations within their home countries. Roma are trafficked for various purposes, including sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, domestic servitude, organ trafficking, illegal adoption and forced begging. The vulnerability factors identified in this study are closely linked to those commonly associated with non-Romani trafficked persons and include structural forms of ethnic and gender discrimination, poverty and social exclusion which result in low educational achievement, high levels of unemployment, usury, growing up in State care, domestic violence and substance abuse. Gaps in law, policy and practice in the field of anti-trafficking constitute barriers to the fight against trafficking in Romani communities. Few Roma are identified by police as trafficked persons and many are reluctant to report themselves to law enforcement agencies for fear of reprisal from their traffickers or of prosecution for the conduct of criminal acts as a trafficked person. Similarly low numbers of Romani trafficked persons access victim prevention and protection services and general social protection systems are failing to reduce the extreme vulnerability of Roma to trafficking. The overwhelming lack of support available to Romani trafficked persons negatively impacts the ability of many to re-integrate, leaving them highly vulnerable to re-trafficking.

RELEVANT REPORTS
ERRC/PIN: Breaking the Silence: Trafficking in Romani Communities

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL STANDARDS
COE Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings
COE Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse
EU Directive on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims
UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
UN Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery 

NATIONAL LEGISLATION AND POLICY
Bulgaria: Law on Fighting the Illegal Traffic of People; Penal Code
Czech Republic: Act No. 40/2009 Coll. on the new Criminal Code 
Hungary:
Romania:
Law No. 678/2001 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, as amended by Emergency Government Ordinance 143/2002; Criminal Code
Slovakia: Act No. 300/2005 Coll. on the Criminal Code

INTERGOVERNMENTAL ANTI-TRAFFICKING BODIES
EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator
OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Human Trafficking
UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, especially in Women and Children

NATIONAL REFERRAL MECHANISMS AND COORDINATIVE BODIES
Czech Republic:
National Rapporteur for Trafficking in Human Beings

Horizontal Rule

ERRC submission to UN HRC on Hungary (February 2018)

14 February 2018

Written Comments of the European Roma Rights Centre concerning Hungary to the UN Human Rights Committee for consideration at its 122nd session (12 Narch - 6 April 2018).

more ...

horizontal rule

The Fragility of Professional Competence: A Preliminary Account of Child Protection Practice with Romani and Traveller Children in England

24 January 2018

Romani and Traveller children in England are much more likely to be taken into state care than the majority population, and the numbers are rising. Between 2009 and 2016 the number of Irish Travellers in care has risen by 400% and the number of Romani children has risen 933%. The increases are not consistent with national trends, and when compared to population data, suggest that Romani and Traveller children living in the UK could be 3 times more likely be taken into public care than any other child. 

more ...

horizontal rule

Families Divided: Romani and Egyptian Children in Albanian Institutions

21 November 2017

There’s a high percentage of Romani and Egyptian children in children’s homes in Albania – a disproportionate number. These children are often put into institutions because of poverty, and then find it impossible ever to return to their families. Because of centuries of discrimination Roma and Egyptians in Albania are less likely to live in adequate housing, less likely to be employed and more likely to feel the effects of extreme poverty.

more ...

horizontal rule