Life Sentence: Romani Children in Institutional Care

Romani children are overrepresented in institutional care compared to their proportion of the population as a whole in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Romania and Slovakia. All six countries have adopted specific laws which govern child protection matters, with the best interests of the child as the prevailing legal principle. Detailed descriptions of child endangerment and clear methodological guidelines for its assessment are lacking in all countries, which provides significant opportunity for the mis-application or subjective interpretation of relevant provisions by child protection and social workers. Many factors contribute to the overrepresentation of Romani children in institutional care, including discrimination, poverty and material conditions (such as unemployment, indebtedness and inadequate housing), school absenteeism, single parenthood and unwanted pregnancies and migration. Child abuse was considered a very small factor in the placement of Romani children in State care. Preventative measures are often inadequate, there are an insufficient number of skilled social workers and an absence of community level prevention services in isolated Romani neighbourhoods due to insufficient funding. Romani children experience physical abuse, ill-treatment and ethnic discrimination in and out of the homes. Most homes do not offer programmes to support the development of Roma ethnic identity. Given that a disproportionate number of Romani children are in institutional care, that they are unlikely to return to their biological families, and that many are passed up for adoption, a great proportion of Romani children spend their whole childhood in an institutional setting. Romani children are disadvantaged on multiple grounds when it comes to child protection placement, in-care treatment and leaving, including on the basis of their ethnicity, poverty, disability, and institutionalised child status. The existing system creates a cycle from which it is hard if not impossible to escape.

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ERRC Joins Call to End Childhood Statelessness in Europe

22 November 2016

Budapest, London, 22 November 2016: Today the European Network on Statelessness (ENS), representing over fifty civil society organisations from across Europe, including the European Roma Rights Centre, will hand over a petition to members of the European Parliament and the Council of Europe calling on European leaders to commit to ending childhood statelessness.

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Nucené a Kruté: Sterilizace a její důsledky pro Romské ženy v České Republice (1966-2016)

28 November 2016

Tato zpráva zkoumá praktiky nedobrovolných sterilizací v České republice, tak jak si je proti jejich vůli a bez svobodného souhlasu prožily romské ženy. Spolu s přehledem institucionálního, právního a politického kontextu, v rámci kterého se tyto sterilizace konaly, se zpráva zaměřuje především na osobní svědectví sterilizovaných romských žen. Ta byla získána prostřednictvím individuálních rozhovorů a v rámci skupinových diskuzí 22 nedobrovolně sterilizovaných žen.

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Coercive and Cruel: Sterilisation and its Consequences for Romani Women in the Czech Republic (1966-2016)

28 November 2016

This report examines the practice of coercive sterilisations in the Czech Republic as experienced by Romani women against their will or without free and informed consent. Along with a review of the institutional, legal and policy context within which these sterilisations took place, the main focus of the report is on the personal experiences of sterilised Romani women.

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