Domestic Cases

Strategic litigation at the ERRC means supporting legal cases designed to expose and contribute to the elimination of discriminatory structures that prevent Roma from enjoying full equality.

The majority of the cases in which the ERRC is involved are pending before domestic courts. The ERRC supports cases before the domestic courts in various European countries in order to secure judgments that will change the behaviour of defendants who discriminate against or otherwise violate the rights of Roma. Some of these cases will end up before the European Court of Human Rights if they fall within the scope of the European Convention on Human Rights (which they almost always do) and if the domestic courts do not resolve the matter appropriately (which, sadly, is often the case). However, the purpose of this domestic case work is not primarily to get cases to the Strasbourg court. We believe that justice can be achieved in the domestic courts. That said, we are a European organisation and we always look for cases that have a European impact. The cases summarised here might have such an impact by drawing attention to an issue that is poorly recognised, or by securing an influential domestic interpretation of European Union legislation. We include in the lists below not only cases that are pending before domestic courts, but also cases pending before equality bodies which have the possibility to hear individual complaints.

In most cases, the ERRC provides support to a local lawyer to act on behalf of Roma in a particular case. However, in some cases the ERRC is also a plaintiff or joint plaintiff in the proceedings (particularly in actio popularis cases), and in some cases the ERRC is making a complaint directly on behalf of Roma or in our own name (notably before equality bodies).

You can click below to find out information about domestic cases in which we are currently involved, sorted by country or by the thematic priorities in our current programme strategy. These lists are not exhaustive. The cases are intentionally summarised in a way to avoid revealing personal data. The information is current as of August 2015.

Unless indicated otherwise, these cases are still pending before domestic courts or equality bodies. We may not be able to provide more information about these cases, but if you have questions email with the subject “[CASE NAME] – question for legal department”.

Cases which have reached the European Court of Human Rights are summarised here.


Cases Sorted by Country 

Cases Sorted by Thematic Priority 

Albania  State Response to Violence and Hate Speech 
Bulgaria  Access to Education
Czech Republic  Access to Housing
Denmark Free Movement and Migration
France Identity Documents
Hungary Women’s Rights
Italy Children’s Rights


ERRC submission to UN HRC on Hungary (February 2018)

14 February 2018

Written Comments of the European Roma Rights Centre concerning Hungary to the UN Human Rights Committee for consideration at its 122nd session (12 Narch - 6 April 2018).

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The Fragility of Professional Competence: A Preliminary Account of Child Protection Practice with Romani and Traveller Children in England

24 January 2018

Romani and Traveller children in England are much more likely to be taken into state care than the majority population, and the numbers are rising. Between 2009 and 2016 the number of Irish Travellers in care has risen by 400% and the number of Romani children has risen 933%. The increases are not consistent with national trends, and when compared to population data, suggest that Romani and Traveller children living in the UK could be 3 times more likely be taken into public care than any other child. 

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Families Divided: Romani and Egyptian Children in Albanian Institutions

21 November 2017

There’s a high percentage of Romani and Egyptian children in children’s homes in Albania – a disproportionate number. These children are often put into institutions because of poverty, and then find it impossible ever to return to their families. Because of centuries of discrimination Roma and Egyptians in Albania are less likely to live in adequate housing, less likely to be employed and more likely to feel the effects of extreme poverty.

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