Domestic Cases

Strategic litigation at the ERRC means supporting legal cases designed to expose and contribute to the elimination of discriminatory structures that prevent Roma from enjoying full equality.

The majority of the cases in which the ERRC is involved are pending before domestic courts. The ERRC supports cases before the domestic courts in various European countries in order to secure judgments that will change the behaviour of defendants who discriminate against or otherwise violate the rights of Roma. Some of these cases will end up before the European Court of Human Rights if they fall within the scope of the European Convention on Human Rights (which they almost always do) and if the domestic courts do not resolve the matter appropriately (which, sadly, is often the case). However, the purpose of this domestic case work is not primarily to get cases to the Strasbourg court. We believe that justice can be achieved in the domestic courts. That said, we are a European organisation and we always look for cases that have a European impact. The cases summarised here might have such an impact by drawing attention to an issue that is poorly recognised, or by securing an influential domestic interpretation of European Union legislation. We include in the lists below not only cases that are pending before domestic courts, but also cases pending before equality bodies which have the possibility to hear individual complaints.

In most cases, the ERRC provides support to a local lawyer to act on behalf of Roma in a particular case. However, in some cases the ERRC is also a plaintiff or joint plaintiff in the proceedings (particularly in actio popularis cases), and in some cases the ERRC is making a complaint directly on behalf of Roma or in our own name (notably before equality bodies).

You can click below to find out information about domestic cases in which we are currently involved, sorted by country or by the thematic priorities in our current programme strategy. These lists are not exhaustive. The cases are intentionally summarised in a way to avoid revealing personal data. The information is current as of August 2015.

Unless indicated otherwise, these cases are still pending before domestic courts or equality bodies. We may not be able to provide more information about these cases, but if you have questions email with the subject “[CASE NAME] – question for legal department”.

Cases which have reached the European Court of Human Rights are summarised here.


Cases Sorted by Country 

Cases Sorted by Thematic Priority 

Albania  State Response to Violence and Hate Speech 
Bulgaria  Access to Education
Czech Republic  Access to Housing
Denmark Free Movement and Migration
France Identity Documents
Hungary Women’s Rights
Italy Children’s Rights


School Segregation of Roma and Egyptian Communities in Albania

24 November 2015

This video talks about segregation of Roma and Egyptian children in one school in Albania. The "Naim Frasheri" school, covering nine grades, is in outskirts of city of Korca. It is known as "Roma and Egyptian" school because all children of this school come from families from these two communities. The school has a total of 283 Roma and Egyptian children. The video shows as well what important role can play institutions such as Commissioner for Protection from Discrimination and People' Advocate (Ombudsman) in fighting school segregation. The decision of Commissioner for Protection from Discrimination and Recommendations of People' Advocate create an working platform not only for Ministry of Education and its depending institutions, but as well for all actors working in this field.

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ERRC submission to UN UPR on Hungary (September 2015)

22 September 2015

Written Comments of the European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC), Chance for Children Foundation (CFCF) and Legal Defence Bureau for National and Ethnic Minorities (NEKI), concerning Hungary for consideration by the Human Rights Council (HRC) within its Universal Periodic Review at its 25th session, April / May 2016. 

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Joint submission to UN CEDAW on Slovakia (October 2015)

2 October 2015

Written comments by the European Roma Rights Centre and Center for Civil and Human Rights concerning Slovakia to the UN Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women at the 62nd Session (26 October - 20 November 2015).  

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